The Biella wool mill, which joined the Kiton family only a few months ago, boasts decades of experience in the art of weaving textiles.
The wool mill, founded in 1949 in a territory known for centuries for its textile vocation, is still today one
of the very few wool factories able to produce numbered fabrics. Ardent enthusiasm, in-depth knowledge of raw materials, experience in hand-crafted articles and a talent for manufacturing textiles passed down over the years
from father to son, are the distinctive traits that have led us to embrace this new world of fine fabrics production. Always in keeping with our philosophy of “better than better +1”.
In the wool mill, the production cycle consists of warping – weaving, that is, the ensemble of processes that transform raw yarn into pieces of fabric. The raw material, consisting of twisting bobbins of yarn, is kept in an underground warehouse at a constant temperature of 18° and humidity level of 80%. These conditions confer on the wool technical characteristics that improve its workability. When ready, the yarn is taken from the warehouse and sent on through the successive stages of manufacturing.
The warping process begins, in which the yarn is unwound from the twisting bobbins and transferred onto the beam, the support that will then be placed in the weaving loom. The first step in warping consists of pairing two threads, which are then twisted around each other to make the yarn stronger and prepare it for weaving. On the warping machine, the odd threads are separated from the even threads, to sequence the threads correctly. The yarn thus assembled in a determined number of warping threads is transferred onto the beam.
Upon completion of the warping process, all of the steps necessary to prepare the weaving loom are carried out. The threads on the beam are inserted among
the combs and the reeds which must also be loaded on the loom. Specifically, each individual thread in inserted in a reed, in a loop of the heald and in a tooth of the comb.
The beam complete with combs and reeds is applied to the loom. With the loom, the warp thread (longitudinal thread) is woven into the weft thread (transverse thread), forming the pattern that has been chosen in designing the fabric. When the piece of raw fabric has been woven, it is discharged from the loom and sent on to quality control.
Quality control serves to identify defects that could impair the quality of the fabric. Any imperfections found are eliminated. The entire production cycle is carefully checked at every stage, from verifying the count, the strength
and the regularity of the yarn, to checking the yarn coming out of the loom and inspecting the pieces during the various finishing stages.Next come the finishing stages in which the still untreated fabric is washed and dried in various ways, depending on the final results required.